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Ghadir Khom, the regional name in Saudi Arabia, was on the way to Mecca in Medina, where the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), at the return of his last Hajj journey in March 632 (18th Dhu al-Hijjah), gathered all the Muslims who were with him in that place and declared "to whomsoever I am Mawla, Ali is also their Mawla."

There is a difference between Shia and Sunni in the interpretation of Ghadir Khom hadith.

The Shia believe that the Prophet named Ali Ibn Abi Talib as his brother, his successor on behalf of Allah Almighty on that day, although the Sunni narrators only interpreted this hadith as the proximity of the Prophet to Ali and his friendship with him and his request that Ali, as his cousin and stepson, is his successor in his family responsibilities after death.

Thus, the appointment anniversary of Imam Ali (AS) to the succession of the Prophet of Islam and the transfer of government to him is well known to be Eid Ghadir Khum in Muslim beliefs, and this day has been registered not only as a historical day but also as one of the Islamic, religious and official holidays in Iran.