According to the specialists, pottery of Sistan and Baluchestan traces back to many thousand years ago. Three villages of Kalpurgan, Kuhmitag and Hulanchgan are the most important centers of pottery in this province. Amongst them, Kalpurgan is more famous and original than the others and is known with the names of this region. This village is located three hundred and ninety kilometers far from Zahedan and close to the borderline between Iran and Pakistan.
The potteries of this region are very similar to the discoveries of archeological excavations that trace back to the 3rd millennium B.C.
The unique characteristic of potteries in this region is that the technique of their production has not changed since thousands of years ago and the artist potters who are mostly tasteful women of this region, make the potteries with no use of machinery and only by their hands. The motifs of these potteries also have roots in thousand years ago and are generally geometric and abstract. Kalpurgan potteries lack glaze and are made using a kind of soil that men gather from a region called “Mash Takuk” located two kilometers away from the village.
This soil turns into red after firing which is another trait of the potteries of Kalpurgan. After the clay utensils are created, they are exposed to sunlight to dry completely. Then they are painted by reddish brown colors that turn black after firing. This color is a kind of mineral pigment that is produced from a stone called Tituk. This stone is excavated from “Tapeh Achar” in one of the counties of Zabol. To make the pigments, the stone is grinned on a bigger rock and the powder is mixed with a bit of water to make a slurry. Then they are decorated with ancient motifs of potteries by use of thin branches of palm tree as brushes. Finally, the potteries are fired inside traditional kilns made as pits in the ground. The potteries are bowls, jars, chalices, jugs and glasses. In 2017 the village of Kalpurgan was registered as the living museum of pottery, and World Council of Handicrafts chose this village to be the first global village of the pottery.