Tehran Province (Persian: استان تهران, [Tehrān]) is located on Alborz mountain range to the north and across the central plateau of Iran to the south. The metropolitan of Tehran, center of this province, is the capital of Iran and is the most populated city of Iran which is the home of people from various ethnic groups.
Existence of Alborz mountain range, Qom deserts, Qazvin plain and Semnan deserts have different impacts on the climate of this province and have caused the formation of different climates in it; The high altitudes of the province experience long winters, the foothills have humid and cold weather, short winters and long, hot summers.
In Tehran, due to the size and the lifestyle that is affected by this size and speed of life, restaurants and food that is cooked outside the home play a significant role in daily life. Valakupolo is one of the local dishes of Tehran. Tahchin of Firoozkooh, Dempakhtak, and Sargonjeshki are other local dishes of Tehran.
The apple of Damavand is one of the highest grade apples in Iran. Raisins of Shahriar, and Golaj of Firoozkooh, which are local breads baked by Firoozkooh nomads, are some of the other souvenirs of Tehran. Moreover, Varni Bafi, Jajim and Batik printing are only a few handicrafts of Tehran province.
Until 200 years ago on the foothills of the Alborz Mountains, Tehran was a small village with mild weather which only a few people had heard its name, but this small village was selected as the capital city of the Qājār dynasty in 18th and 19th centuries. Since that time, the world has known Tehrān as the main center of Iranian politics and economy. Since then, many people have immigrated to Tehrān and have made it a densely populated city. Although Tehrān has been the capital city of Iran for only 200 years, the civilization of this city dates back to 7000 BC.
Museum of Ancient Iran
This museum with an area of 2744 square meters was built in 1935 under the supervision of French architect Andrea Guedar. This is the first scientific museum of Iran and contains objects related to the civilization and art of pre-historic era, from 6th millennium BC to Islamic era. It is one of the most valuable and reputable museums of the world.
Museum of the Contemporary Arts
The museum is located on North Kargar Street next to the Laleh Park. Architecture of the building combines traditional and modern styles. This museum, which opened to public in 1977, has three floors, nine galleries with paintings by Pablo Picasso, Paul Gougen, Cloud Mouneh and George Berg, a library and an audio-visual department. In the garden, statues by Marino Marini, Parvīz Tanāvoli, Rene Margaret, Henry Moore, Alexander Calder, Max Bell, Alberto Jakoti, etc have been gathered. The museum also holds a large part of the illustrated Shāhnāmeh Tahmāsebī.
This palace is located in the highest, farthest northern part of Tehrān with mild weather conditions. It has an area of 400 hectares, of which 180 hectares have been made into a large garden with different species of flowers and trees. There are 14 buildings in the compound and many recreational facilities such as playgrounds, swimming pools, etc.
Varāmīn Congregational Mosque (Jama Masjid)
The foundation of this mosque, which is the most important historical structure of the town of Varāmīn was constructed during the kingdom of Sultan Mohammad Khodābandeh and was completed during the kingdom of his son, Sultan Abū Saīd in 12th century CE. It was reconstructed by Shāhrokh Mīrzā, one of the kings of the Timurid era in 13th century. The mosque consists of an entrance gate, a portal, arches and the main part and includes decorations like tile work and scripts.
Toghrol Tower (Also translated to Toqrol)
Toghrol Tower is situated in Shahr-e Rey, with a height of 20 meters, belongs to the Seljuk era (1037-1194). Most probably this tower is the tomb of Toghril I, the founder of Seljuk dynasty. It was renovated in 18th century after the destruction of the majority of its Kufic scripts and designs.
These two regions are located 30 and 35 km northeast of Tehrān. They have a mild climate with numerous fruit gardens. Other villages include Āhār, Shekarāb, Lālūn, Zāygūn, Garmāb Darreh and Meygūn which are located within the same region and make perfect weekend resorts.
Cheshmeh Alī Spring
The spring is located in the south of Tehrān and people had used it for swimming and washing until 1940. The civilization of this area dates back to 4000 BC.
This is one of the most stunning and oldest structures of Tehrān which is the memorial of history and governments. It was built by the order of king Tahmāsb I of the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century CE. It was renovated by the order of Karīm Khān of the Zand dynasty in the 18th century and in the Qājār era was used as the settlement palace of the royal family. It consists of a marble throne, Karīm Khānī special room, a mirror hall, etc.