Sirjan is located among the central mountains and the eastern mountains of Zagros at 175 km southwest of Kerman with the height of 1766 meters above the sea level.
The low and even lands of the Kavir plain in the west and a Qotbiyeh fertile plain in the east of this city are located between Sirjan and Baft. The climate of Sirjan is semi-desert. Sirjan consists of 2 parts naming”Pariz” and “Markazi”, 4 cities “Pariz”, ’Zeyd Abad”,”Sirjan“,”Najaf Shahr”, and 10 rural districts. This city is the second populated one in Kerman province and it is one of the most important cities of this province due to its specific geographical location and being located in the junction of Yazd-Hormozgan and Kerman–Fars roads, with a significant commercial situation, factories, mineral resources and numerous dug out aqueducts and fertile lands.
The economy of Sirjan is depended on tribes and nomads. Agriculture and animal products, handicrafts and rug weaving, convert Sirjan into a special economic zone and setting up an airport brought so much prosperity for the economic fields of this city.
This city is the owner of one of the unique types of Iranian windmills known to be Pipe windmill. On the basis of Sirjan antiquity, the buildings of this city reflect many historical eras of Iran.
Various tribes live in Sirjan most of them speak in Farsi however, the nomads speak in Turki in this region. The religion of the people in Sirjan is Shia.
Sirjan, World Craft City for Kilim
Date of Registration: 2017
Sirjan is a small City at south of Iran, Kerman Province. However it is not far from Loot Desert, the climate is milder compared to other cities of the province. Originates back even before Islam, some monuments such as Ghaleh-Sangi still remain near the ancient city of Sirjan. Situated between Tehran-Bandarabbas, it has an important role in Iran’s economy and industry. Sirjan has been Special Economic Zone since 1990s and with about 300 thousand residents, this place is noticeable for its handicrafts art. In 2017, it was included in WIPO for its Kilim, a flat-woven carpet or rug which is tribe’s handicrafts generally. A noticeable number of 12 thousand active weavers are busy to produce Kilims.
Kilim is the oldest method of carpet weaving and Kilim weaving in Sirjan region has a great diversity of techniques such as Shiriki Kilim which is unique hence every weaver uses their own personal tastes. Motifs, combination and colors of each craft will be non-repetitive hence it reflects thoughts and feelings of the artisan, inspired from emotions, mental or imitative symptoms, which renders motifs with inspiration from nature, environment, believes, habits and traditions.
It is estimated that 80 percent of this product is exported to other countries.