Cultural Landscape of MaymandShahr-e Babak
Meymand is a rocky and dugout village and one of the primary habitats of man in Iran with approximately 2 - 3 thousand years history. The close relationship between the life and the surrounding nature is the particular values of this historical village in such a way that it continues, even currently and in spite of the new technology developments, to be an original site and keeps its original appearance without any tangible manipulating the nature.
Each dugout house in Meymand which may include one or more rooms and stables is totally called a Kicheh. The structure of all Kichehs are not the same and they are different in the number and size of rooms. In addition, the rooms have been separated, in Meymand houses, from the back part of the house (Pastoo) and sometimes they cover the niches using certain fabric curtains.
Meymand bathrooms are especially wonderful because of their traditional system with a Khazaneh and they also indicate the importance of hygienic conditions. There are also other places in this historical village such as mosques, schools, Hussaynia, Caravanserai.
Some special customs are popular in the village and the words of Sassanid Pahlavi are still used in their language and conversations.
In the first four months of year, people live in the lower plains of Meymand in order to graze their cattle. They immigrate to the neighboring villages, farms and gardens to live there in the second four months of year and for the third four months they prefer to stay in the dugout houses at the heart of mountains to seek a shelter from the cold winter. These houses are cool during summer and get warm in winter due to their architectural style.