National Botanical Garden of IranTehran
National Botanical Garden of Iran holds a group of local plants and trees of Iran as well as exotic ones, which makes its collection quit valuable. The garden is located close to Tehran, along the Tehran – Karaj freeway.
One of the objectives of this scientific and entertaining complex, which has a very profound role in different research field including botany and gardening, is educating people and introducing to them the science of botany, the importance of the plants and the necessity of protecting them. National Botanical Garden of Iran is used as a genetic storage facility for the plants that are in danger of going distinct.
National Botanical Garden of Iran is very vast as it covers an area as big as one hundred and forty-five hectares. It is located in southern foothills of Alborz Markazi Mountains in the land of Chitgar Park, northwest of Tehran. Each one of the different parts of garden shows a natural view of three mountains of Zagros, Alborz and Himalaya. There are six lakes, two rivers and two waterfalls in the garden. The water of waterfall runs through synthetic rocks towards down.
Among the designed spaces in the National Botanical Garden of Iran are seven habitats of Iran and six global habitats. Iranian habitats are Hirakani, Zagros, Southern Alborz, Irani Va Turani, South Iran Greenhouse, Persian Onion Gardens, and Local Fruit Gardens. The global habitats are Europe, Meadows of America, Caucasus, Himalayas, China and Japan.
In addition to the habitats, eight collections and one private garden is included in this complex. Systematic Garden, Medical and Synthetic Herbs Garden, Rocks and Decorative Plants Garden, Central Square of Rose Garden, and Iranian Chaharbagh and evergreen Broad Leaves Plants Garden are some of them. It should not be left out that modern and specialized greenhouses provide the plants needed to be included in the collection of the garden.
To reach National Botanical Garden of Iran, one should take Tehran – Karaj freeway, exit to Peikanshahr and head to Sarv-e Azad Town. The entrance gate of the garden is located along the Shahid Ali Goudarzi Street.