Tabriz is one of the oldest and biggest cities of Iran on the hillside of the Sahand Mountain (volcano). This city is surrounded by mountains in the north, south and east and flat lands as well as the Talkherud salt marsh in the west, like a partly big hollow or a plain with fantastic view among the mountains, at the height of 1350 to 1550 m above the sea level in different areas. This city enjoys a highly cold weather in winter and warm and arid in summer. Tabriz consists of two districts,”Markazi“ and “Khosro shah”, three cities named “Tabriz”, ”Sar Dorud“ and “Khosro Shah” and 75 rural districts. It is the most populous city in the east Azerbaijan and the biggest city in the northwest of Iran.
The number of passengers who travel to Tabriz has been increased after establishment of the Tabriz-Zanjan highway and the city turned into the 2nd destination of passengers after Mashhad. Arg-e Tabriz is the symbol of city. It connects the western cities of Iran to the eastern cities along the Silk Road and has been properly called the "Gate of the Orient". Moreover, it is one of the main commercial, industrial, economic and cultural centers in Iran, since the past, due to its appropriate location. Given the specific geographical location, Tabriz has a high political and economic position and best-known as the "Cradle of Investment" due to the ability to attract large investments from private sectors. It is ranked 1 in attracting investment among Iran cities for five consecutive years.
Tabriz is the second industrial city after Tehran and its industrial development is the cause of extensive immigrations to this city. It also is the second tower constructing city in Iran. Tabriz is the administrative, commercial, political, industrial, cultural and military center of Azerbaijan .The main industrial productions of this area are foodstuffs, chemicals, non-metallic mineral, basic metals, textile and carpet machinery. In addition, Tabriz has been a heavy industrial center including machinery and equipment industries. It is a leading center for Leather production, in addition to being famous for the other arts and handicrafts, for a long time. Tabriz and Maragheh handmade carpets are famous in all around the world due to their specific design and high quality that their export is considered as one of the significant sources of foreign exchanges in Iran. Today, Tabriz people speak in Turki (Azari) language and this city was the capital of Shia in all around the world and most of its residents are followers of Asna Ashari Shia.
Tabriz, World Carpet Weaving City
Date of Registration: 2015
Tabriz metropolis, the capital of East-Azerbaijan Province has played an important role in Iranian history. Located in the north-west of the country, it has been the most important trading city of its region, especially in terms of Iran and western countries. Tabriz was chosen as the capital of Iran for several times in history. It is now the 6th major city of Iran with around one and a half million residents who talk in Azeri Turkish language generally. Major part of its population are Iranian Turks (Azeri), and the main religion is Islam. Tabriz has a dry steppe climate: warm and dry in summer and cold in wintertime. The origin of Tabriz could be thousands of years according to the researches, but there is no clear fact hence this city has always been suffering from fatal earthquakes. Tabriz history has lots of ups and downs, mostly noticeable for its occupations and flourishing periods several times. Azeri people are well known for being diligent in commerce, industry, agriculture and art. Tabriz was chosen as the 2018 Capital of Islamic Tourism.
Among all the handicrafts of Tabriz, this city is mostly known for its handmade carpets and since 2015 it was included in WIPO as Carpet Weaving City. Carpet weaving was flourished since Safavid Dynasty and has been exported to western countries especially since Qajar Dynasty, which was continued during Pahlavi. It is still one of the major Iranian exporting goods.
With a variety of styles, recently combined with new technics, it has been the favorite choice of the market for its floriferous, colorful and inestimable. Tabriz is considered as one of the major and important Carpet weaving cities of the world.