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Zanjan Province

Country
Iran
Population
1057461

Zanjan Province


Zanjan Province (Persian: استان زنجان, [Zanjān]) is located in the northwest of Iran and is divided into the mountainous and plain parts. The objects which have been found in Cave Galījīk suggest that the civilization of this province dates back to the Stone Age nearly 7000 years BC.
 
Geographical conditions, an abundance of water and fertile soil have made the province suitable for farming and husbandry. Most villages have ancient origins, and have interesting locations. Zanjān villages lie in plains, valleys and foothills of the mountains and would catch the attention of any newcomer. The people of this land are from various ethnicities. Most people speak Āzari language. 

Major handicrafts of the province include Chārūgh (A kind of local Sandal) making, copper smithing, knife making, rug weaving, etc.

Soltānīeh Dome

To the southwest of Kohan Dej, lies Soltānīeh Dome, one of the structures of Islamic era. This structure was built by the order of Sultan Mohammad Khudabanda (Oljeitu) in nine years' time in 12th century A.D.
 
Oljeitu and Ghazan Khān of the Il-Khān dynasty modeled this building after similar tombs in Iran. It is the third largest brick structure in the world and the first largest one in Iran. It contains eight verandas and 50 rooms with a height of 48.5 meters.

Chalabi Oghli Mausoleum  

Just 500 meters to the southwest of Soltānīeh Dome lies the tomb of Chalabi Oghli which was built in 12th century CE. The complex contains a tomb and a temple. The location of graves differs from similar tombs as the Sultan is buried in the center and his followers are buried around it according to their hierarchical positions.

Kataleh Khūr Cave of Garmāb

The cave is located 140 km to southwest of Zanjān near the village of Garmāb, in the southern foothills of Mount Saghezlū. There are beautiful stalagmites and stalactites in different colors there. The skeleton of a four-feet animal which has changed into a Calcite fossil has been found.

Dash Hassan Caves

These caves are located 10 km southeast of Soltanieh nearby Vīr village. They are rectangular caves with a depth of 400 meters, the widths vary from 50 to 300 meters. Inside the main cave there are 3 other caves with beautiful carvings of symmetric dragons with a length of 3.5 meters. On both sides floral designs and Arabesques can be seen. They have been carved by Chinese artists who were brought to this land under the order of Oljeitu (1296-1304), the Mongolian ruler of the time. Different works of art belonging to Sassanid (224-651) and Il-Khan (1256-1335) periods have been discovered at the site.

Sojās Village

The village is located near the town of Khodābānda, 17 km to the town of Gheydar in a plain. The village has a dry, cold climate and is divided into two halves by Sojās River. The old congregational mosque, the mausoleum of Emāmzādeh Ebrāhīm and Hosseynīeh tomb are among the most visited sites.

Rakhtshūr Khāneh Structure

Rakhtshur Khaneh--meaning washhouse-- has been built in the center of the city in an area known as Bara Jamal Choghūri. The structure was established 150 years ago by two masons Mashhadi Akbar and Mashahdi Esmāīl. The stones of the structure were carried from a stone mine in the village of Ajdarhātū. The structure includes two parts. The first part was the managerial and the second was the washhouse itself.

Zanjān Congregational Mosque (Jama Masjid)

Alternatively called Seyyed Mosque, the structure is located in one of the old districts of the city. The mosque was built in the 18th century and includes 4 verandas.
 


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