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Qazvin Province

Country
Iran
Population
1273761

Qazvin Province


Qazvin province (Persian: استان قزوین, [Qazvīn]) is located in the northern part of Iran. The northern part of the province is a mountainous area and to the south the climate is hot and dry with cold winters and hot summers.
 
Based on evidence found during the excavations of the Zāgheh ancient tape, the civilization in this province dates back to 4000- 5000 BC. The land was once part of the Median Kingdom. The people of this province are from different ethnic origins. For centuries, Āzarīs, Lurs, Kurds and other ethnicities have peacefully lived together in the region. In the past, the Deilami language was spoken in Qazvīn, but now most people speak the Āzarī language.
 
The common handicrafts of the province include tile-making, inlay work, plaster-work, stone-carving, carpet-weaving, mirror-making, calligraphy, clock making, silk weaving, lock making and needle-work.

Alamūt Castle

Hassan-d Sabbāh, who was one of the leaders of Ismaīlis (a Shiite sect), built a large structure on top of a mountain which is known as the Alamūt Castle.

The Grapes of Qazvīn

A large portion of agricultural land in this province is allocated to the planting of vine trees, especially around the city of Takestān which is famous for its large vineyards. 

Chehel Sotūn Structure

This building belongs to the Safavid dynasty of the 17th century. It has two floors in the middle of a garden with different kinds of decorations like: tile work, inlay work, painting and gold works.

Peyghambarieh Tomb

This is the tomb of four prophets of God in the names of Salām, Solūm, Sohūlī
And Alghīā. To the south of the mausoleum there is a veranda facing the yard. The decoration includes plaster work and tile work.

Zāgheh and Ghabrestān Tape

On the road of Boyīn Zahra to Qazvīn lie the ancient Tape of Zāgheh, Ghabrestān and Sagzābād. The hills date back to 5000 BC. The architecture is unique and the main temple has ancient designs.

Kharaghān Tower Tombs

The village of Hesār Armani which has two tower tombs is located at 32 km distance to the east of Qazvīn. The eastern tower is older than the western one and was built in 9th century CE. They are hexagonal towers made of brick with thirty old designs on the walls. 
 


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