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Khuzestan Province

Country
Iran
Population
4710509

Khuzestan Province

Khuzestan province (Persian: استان خوزستان, [Khūzestān]) is located in the southwest of Iran in the north of Persian Gulf. The climate in this province is hot and dry. The largest river of the province—which is also the largest river in Iran-- is called Kārūn. It joins the Arvandrūd River and together they flow to the Persian Gulf. 

Some parts of the province are suitable for farming due to favorable climate and fertile soil. In recent years, many agricultural complexes have been active in industrial farming, using state-of-the-art machinery and methods. Discovery of oil and gas reserves in this province has also led many oil companies to invest in the extraction of these natural resources. 

People of Persian, Luri and Arabian ethnic origins live in this province. Each of these ethnic groups speaks their respective language or dialect. Local music in this province is called Shūshtarī. It is song by gardeners, carpet weavers and other groups of people. The musical instruments used to create this kind of folk music are reed pipe (Ney), Persian lute (Tār), a local oboe (Dohol) and other Persian instruments such as Jūfteh, Sornā, Dāyereh and Tonbak.
 
Archaeological evidence shows that human settlement, farming and taming of animals in Ali Kosh Hill date back to 6700 BC.

The city of Susa (Shūsh) is a memorial of civilization in Iran with several thousand years of history. Many items related to Stone Age, Copper Age, Bronze Age and the beginning of urban life have been found in this city.

Karkheh Dam

This dam is the largest stone and soil dam in Iran, made on the Karkheh River. The wall of this dam is 192 meters long and 9 meters high. There is a beautiful lake with fascinating scenery behind this dam.

Hūr al-Azīm Gulf

This is the largest gulf originated by water from three rivers of Karkhe, Tigris and Doyrech. The area is covered entirely by cane plants. It is shallow on the edge but can reach a few meters of depth in the middle. Different tribes live around this place and their main job is breeding oxen.

Lions Stone

These statues are found mostly in Lorestān and Khūzestān. It is believed that they were memorials put as grave stones on the tombs of heroes and brave soldiers. 

Tomb of Prophet Daniel

This tomb belongs to Prophet Daniel (Danīāl Nabī). It is located on the eastern bank of the Shāūr River facing the citadel of Susa. The most important part of the structure is its conical dome which is 25 meters in height.

Shūshtar Falls

These falls are located near Gargar River in a region called Sikā. Around these falls, there have been water mills dating back to the Sassanid dynasty 3-6 centuries CE.

Kūl Farah Stone Carvings

These carvings belong to Elamites  )c. 3200-539 BC) and are located in the town of Īzeh in the north east of Khūzestān. The carvings show kings, worship ceremonies and gifts offering.
 

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