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Varsho Sazi of Borujerd

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Varsho or Nickel silver is an alloy that consists of copper, nickel and zinc. Some of its unique characteristics are high luster, high hardness, good ductility and easy malleability. This alloy, which entered Iran from Germany and Poland in many years ago, turned into a fascinating material in the hands of craftsmen and artists of Borujerd from Lorestan province. The art-craft of “Varsho Sazi” was then formed and Borujerd eventually became registered as the national city of Varsho as its practitioners created artistic, beautiful and delicate products. Very little is known about the history of Varsho Sazi and the findings of this matter are greatly ambiguous and do not provide a clear answer about the beginning of this craft in Iran. However, there are some indications about the art of Varsho in Seljuk dynasty and later. But what can be certainly said is that Varsho flourished in Borujerd during Qajar dynasty. From back then artist of this city gave special shapes to the alloy plates by hammering and bending them and created both applicable and decorative products. 
Some of the products that can be listed were tea serving sets, coal samovar, teapot, sugar cube holders, teacups, and small utensils such as forks and spoons, kohl holders, plates, trays, bowls, braziers, water jars, rose water splinters and etc. Samovars are the most special amongst them. So much so that there is another craft known as “Samavar Sazi” or making samovars. In fact, it can be said that Borujerd artists have successfully mixed chasing and hammer working and added an aesthetic aspect to these products. The craft of Varsho also has a close connection with other handicrafts such as copper repoussage and metal working. Ali Minagar, late master Rauf, late master Gharib, Reza Golduz, Mohammad Badavar, Alireza Shaddel, Masha’llah Farokhi are some of the great masters of Varsho craft. Today in addition to these decorative crafts, new products have begun to be made. Usually, some Varsho products can be found in houses of each Borujerd family and they are considered a valuable part of the dowries of young girls of this city.


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