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Khos Duzi of Hormozgan

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The products of Hormozgan handicrafts are mostly created for local purposes. Khos Duzi, a kind of embroidery, is one of them. Khos Duzi consists of sewing thin strips of Khos or Naqdeh on fine and delicate lace fabrics. The strips are arranged to make geometric, cursive, arabesque, “Danehee” and “Kheshti Payeh Boland” motifs and patterns. In addition to lace fabrics, Khos Duzi is applied on velvet, too. To apply the stitches on velvet a kind of needle called “Chenille” is used. The history of Khos Duzi is not known to us, but it is certain that this craft was very popular in Bandar Abbas and Baluchestan during Safavid dynasty. After the Safavid, efforts were made to upgrade this embroidery which led to its products to reach their most beautiful forms.
Khos Duzi is mostly used to decorate lace drapes, lace scarves (Jalbil) and lace Chadors (usually in black), bridal gown, scarves, cover of Holy Quran, trousers, beddings, covers for cushions, head wears, dresses, women vests and many more. The patterns mostly used in Khos Duzi are hexagonal, octagonal and dodecagonal stars. The others include “Noh Khesht”, “Kandoo Asal” or honey comb, “Shesh Ghalb” or six hearts, “Khesht Dar Khesht”, small stars, “Hashieh Barg Anjiri”, “Ghalbi Khali”, “Tak Duzi”, “Por Duzi”, “Gushvareh”, “Naghsh e Gol” or flower, “Gol e Ferferei”, crab or “Kakalehe”, butterfly, scorpion, bowl, peacock, “Hashieh Ghalbi” and “Hashieh Chashm e Gav”. Since the motifs are very simple in this handicraft, there is no need to draw them on the fabric, and the needle worker makes the stitches according to his own taste. Both the front and back of the fabric look the same and look especially shiny. That is in case the work is done delicately and neatly, so that the pattern is created in both sides of the fabric. The threads used in Khos Duzi are golden or silver, and are known as Khos threads. That is the reason this handicraft is known as “Khos Duzi” which means “stitching of the Khos”. Occasionally the artists of this region combine Khos Duzi with other crafts such as Golabatoon and sequins and create unique products.