Gabbeh of Bushehr
Gabbeh of Bushehr
Gabbeh is one of the most popular handicrafts of Bushehr. They are common in almost all the villages, and even some of the cities of Bushehr. It may also be the first or second source of income of many families.
Gabbeh is similar to carpet, but they differ in motifs, size, colors and the number of its long and thick wefts. Motifs and patterns of Gabbeh are not the same as carpet. Gabbeh may do not have any margin, or may not be symmetrical. Many of its motifs look like paintings of children, quiet simple and primitive, but inspired by nature and surrounding.
Patterns of Gabbeh are created by the memory of their weavers. They are completely free to use any motif and they can place it anywhere they desire in the pattern. Another major difference between Gabbeh and carpet is the colors palette used in them. A major part of the Gabbeh are weaved using wools in their raw color. The Bushehr Gabbeh has plain backgrounds in white, cream, brown, black and grey, and the patterns are made in black, red, dark blue and other similar colors. The weavers are mostly women and girls who each have a special kind of motif on their minds and they skillfully weave them. In general, the common feature of the Gabbeh of Bushehr is the traditional patterns that have been evolved through generations and are artistically valuable.
The materials used in the process of Gabbeh weaving is produced from the wool of the sheeps that are bred locally. Today European countries and Arab States of Persian Gulf are two major buyers of Bushehr Gabbehs. Therefore, the makers have begun dying the wool by herbal pigments such as orange, blue, green and yellow to use them in the background. The motifs of these products are animals and doll-like. Some of the most famous patterns are Langer (anchor), Khesht (brick), Chang (harp), geometric forms, birds and animals, and kinds of paisley motifs. Bushehr Gabbehs are made in villages such as Shoul, Kamali, Bahmanyari, Mohammad Salehi, Sakhareh, Zakariyayi, Bamonir, Mal Mahmoud, Khalifehee, Otaybeh, Dehdaran and etc.