Sattar Khan (East Azerbaijan)

Sattar Khan (East Azerbaijan)

Sattar Khan (East Azerbaijan)

Sattar was born in 1284/1285 AH in the family of Haj Hasan, one of the residences of Qaradagh (Arasbaran). He was the third son of Haj Hasan’s four sons from his second wife. His father was a door-to-door draper, who made money through buying the fabric from Tabriz and selling them in the villages of Arasbaran, and to the tribe of Mohammad Khanlu, the peasants of Hasan Abad, Misheh Pareh, Minjavan, and Khoda Afarin. He has a son in name Ishmael and two daughters from his first wife. According to documents and historical resources, Ishmael was killed due to the conflictions with Mozaffar-al-Din Mirza, and his death influenced Sattar deeply. Haj Hasan had a daughter, Umm Kulthum, and three sons, Ghaffar, Sattar, and Azim, from his second wife. Because of economics, Sattar could not join to kuttab and study. Sattar was imprisoned when came into conflict with the guardians of mules and he was released by the intervention of one of the mujtahids.

He was then known as Sattar Khan among the others. He and his friends opened the hoarders’ warehouses and gave their foodstuffs to the inhabitants of Tabriz during the famine in 1316 AH. His conflicts with government lasted until the Persian Constitutional Revolution and meanwhile, he was imprisoned many times, but after being released he continued his activities. Due to his services to people and his struggles against dictatorship, Mozaffar-al-Din Mirza employed him as part of the armed escort to the crown prince and Sattar was given the title of "khan".

Sattar Khan was a military leader who fought for the freedom of his country and for the sufferers. He became gradually interested in politics when the Constitutional Revolution began and he joined to the constitutionalist rebels when it was rumored that Majles (parliament) of Iran and the constitution were going to be closed. Accompanied by some other rebels, he started the rebellion. Being influential in Tabriz, Sattar Khan was honored by the title of Sardar-e Melli (National General). Many joined him and the battle reached its climax and the movement gradually expanded to other parts of the country. Due to the rebellion in Tabriz and other cities across Iran, Mohammad Ali Shah was obliged to sign the constitution to authorize the election and the reopening of the Majles in Tehran in order to try and placate the opposition. Finally, Mohammad Ali Shah was ousted from power on Jumada al-Thani 27, in the same year. Then, Sattar Khan moved to Tehran, but he and his warrior camped out in Atabek Park. He was wounded during a violent confrontation with the Shah's troops and police forces and passed away at the age of 47.