Meybod

Meybod

World Craft City for Hand-woven Floor Covering (Zilu)
  • Country
    Iran
  • Province
    Yazd
  • Population
    82,840
  • Area
    1,266 km²
  • Time Zone
    IRDT

Meybod

Meybod is located in the northwest of Yazd, beside Tehran- Bandar Abbas road and Tehran-Kerman railway, along the edge of the central desert of Iran with the height of 1234 m above the sea level.

Its eastern lands are plain and even and it end up in the foothills and Aqda south heights from the west. This city enjoys a warm and arid climate.

Meybod consists of one part named “Markazi”, two cities and two rural districts. Meybod is the second urban and commercial center and populous city after Yazd in Yazd province.

Meybod is one of the first primary sedentism centers in Iran and the city registered on the Iran historical heritage list based on its valuable historical area. Meybod is one of the tourism regions based on its location and geographical situation.

This city is highly rich with mine resources and its economy depends on the industry. Numerous tile and ceramic factories have turned this city into the center of tile and ceramic industry in Iran.

The prosperity of pottery, tile and ceramic industry should be evaluated in terms of its connection between industry and tradition. Handicrafts especially Meybod carpet and ceramic products export to the other cities of Yazd, all around of Iran and World. The biggest Quail breeding center in the country with the second place in the Middle East is located in Meybod. Agriculture is common in this city from the past. People of this city are Muslims and they speak in Farsi with Yazdi dialect.

 

Maybod, World Craft City for Hand-woven Floor Covering (Zilu)

Date of Registration: 2018

Historically, Iran was one of the first countries to be inhabited by sedentary communities and Maybod is probably where it first occurred about 7000 years ago. With nearly hundred thousand of residents, Maybod is the second major city of Yazd Province, located at the center of Iran, North of Yazd city. Hence situated beside one of the vast salt deserts of Iran, it has desert climate. On the ancient Rey- Kerman road, cultural city of Maybod was the meeting point of North, South, East and west of the country.

Nowadays, the artistic fame of Maybod is not only for historical monuments but for handicrafts such as pottery, ceramic and weaving Zilu, which is a type of floor cover consisted of cotton, Also known as Palas. Therefore it is more related to agriculture than animal husbandry. The production process is complicated but the colors are so simple with minor variance. There is a possibility to use both sides of Zilu with two completely different appearances.   

Maybod is probably the origin of Zilu weaving art, which was used to cover floors of important places, especially mosques. In 2018, Maybod was included in WIPO for its Zilu weaving art. It is estimated that more than 500 Zilu weavers live in Maybod now. This city has training workshops, researching organizations and also a museum about Zilu. About 50 precious Zilous are kept in the museum and the eldest one is from the 15th century.

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