Gonabad is located at 260 km south of Mashhad on the height of 1105 m above the sea level and enjoys a warm and arid climate based on vicinity to desert and being far from the sea.
Gonabad consists of two parts named “Markazi“, ”Kakhak“ and three cities as “Gonabad”, ”Bidokht”, ”Kakhak” and 4 rural districts. The location of this region of intersection leads it to be an economic, cultural center with ancient civilization; also, being located on the link road between Razavi Khorasan and South Khorasan and Sistan & Baluchestan is the cause of prosperity and all-around development of this city.
Existence of the cultural and tourist monuments represents an ancient civilization in this area. The biggest aqueduct of the world from Achaemenid era is located in this city. The people of Gonabad are active in agriculture, animal husbandry, industry and mine, transportation and services. The most significant traditional job in Mend area is pottery with a great reputation. Forging, mat weaving of the desert area, sales of animal products which have been prepared in the traditional way, carpentry, woodturning and batting are the other traditional jobs in Gonabad. The language of Gonabad people is Farsi in Khorasani dialect, they are Muslims and the followers of Jafari Shia.