Traditional Clothes of Khuzestan Province

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Traditional Clothes of Khuzestan Province

Khuzestan is a province in the southwest of Iran and it has a warm and humid weather and therefore, the clothing of people in this region is generally made of thin and cold fabrics. Khuzestan is a region where many different tribes live in so far as it is known as the most plural province of Iran in terms of the existing subcultures. Meanwhile, three great tribes of Arab, Lur and Bakhtiari are the main population of this province. Arab men put a piece of fabric named Chafieh on their head to keep it from heat and dust and use a woven black ring named Eqal over the Chafieh.  The dress of these men is long that reaches to the ankle and it is produced in white, grey, brown and soil colors. This dress is locally called Dashdasheh (Thawb). They wear another clothing named Besht or Khachieh over this dress that is also black, brown or dark blue. The basic rule in choosing the clothing for Arab women is the covering of the whole body and considering Islamic Hijab; they wear a black Chador named Abayeh that is similar to Aba but it is shiny. They use a scarf under Chador and call it Shileh that covers the whole head and chest and fasten it with the aid of a pin namely Chelab that is made of gold or silver and adorned with turquoise necklace. The clothing of younger women is made of happy colors and the older ones wear dark cloths. Some of Arab women use Booshieh or mask to cover their face. Their pants are ordinary and called Soab. It also should be said that tattoo and henna are also a part of clothing and decoration among Arab women. Lurs of Khuzestan, on the other hand, put on a traditional pants named Debit that is black and an open upper body clothing that reaches to the knee, named Chooqa and made of wool in its original color. They have several types of hat each shows a different social position. Lur women wear some pants made of so much fabric that stands so folded; it is called Tonbangheri. Their dress is V-neck, made of velvet, with two slashes, each at one side. They wear an open vest over the dress. The interesting part of the clothing of Lur women is their headdress which is consisted of multiple parts: a white fabric named Lachaki with a square piece of fabric sewed to its back. It is decorated in beads, decorative strips, marbles named Boona and coin. This square piece is called Zelzeleh, Moonjaq or Peysari and is one meter or one meter and a half of length hanging down its back. Also, Lur women use a very long scarf named Meyna.  


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