Sardar Jalil HouseSari
Having a splendid nature, the coast of the Caspian Sea in Farah Abad and historical monuments, Sari is considered as one of the important centers for tourism. In addition to the bridge, the public bath, the castle and the mosque which belong to the Safavid period, there are other historical monuments in Sari such as mosque, bazaar, and Ab Anbar. Also, we can mention the historical houses like Kalbadi and Sardar Jalil.
Going to Republic Avenue from the Clock Square, we reach an alley called Sardar. He was one of the landowners and Local commanders who governed a huge section of the area.
Isfahani architectures built this three-story house with a rectangular plan and brick facade under the command of Sardar Jalil. The first floor has three rooms which are connected with wooden doors. The second floor is similar to the first one, but it has nine doors which provide the lights. As the first and the second floor, the third one has three rooms and it is surrounded by a terrace which has been used during hot nights in summers. The architecture of this house was influenced by Qajar houses with a combination of traditional and Qajar style. Cobble, wood, Sarooj, lime, and pottery are used in its structure. Lime was used to avoid the mosses in the foundation of the building, the roof and the columns which bear the weight of the ceiling are made of wood. One of the important features in this building is that no iron was used in the process of construction. The roof is covered by pottery.
This two thousand and five hundred meter house consists of an Andaruni (the private quarters) and Biruni (the public quarter). The main part of this complex is that three-floor building with a rectangular plan which has two ports. One of them opens through Sardar Alley and the second is connected to the alley behind the building, Bahram Atar. The first door was for the inhabitants and owners and their guests, and the Peasants or animals used the back door. What is strange about this complex is the fact that there is no bath in it.
Before the Islamic revolution, this house was a school for a while. Mirnejad bought it in 1359 SH and lived there. During the next years, this house was damaged seriously by rains and storms. Recently, the Construction and Building Houses Company of Mazandaran Province bought it however this house rests uselessly with no restoration. This building was registered on the Iranian National Heritage list.