Nayband Village

Nayband Village

Nayband Village in Tabas, one hundred and five kilometers from the rural district of Kavir, two hundred and thirty kilometers southeast of the city of Tabas, is located along the Tabas – Ravar route in the South Khorasan Province. This village is linked to the villages of Chehel Payeh, Darband, Dihok, Korit and Parvdeh in its neighborhood. Nayband Village, which according to historical documents traced back to thousand years ago, is located one thousand and one hundred meters higher than the sea level. Local texts declare that at the time of the attack of the Afghans to Iran, Neder Shah Afshar camped in the land of Naybandan, while he tried to drive the enemy out if Iran. The local people of Naybandan, this heaven-like land in the heart of the desert, talk in Persian with Khorasani dialect.

Just like Masuleh, Abyaneh, and Bandr Siraf, the texture and structure of Nayband village have been formed in Pelekani (literally meaning staircase) style. This means that the roofs of a series of the building serve as the courtyards and streets of the buildings above them. Nayabnd Village has been built on a very huge megalith in the foothills of Nayband Mountain, as high as three thousand meters. These mountains have acted as natural walls that have prevented the Lut Desert from expanding into the Naybandan and surrounding villages. The alleys and houses of this village have not been built to meet the wishes of the people, but to cope with the steep ground of this region. The stone-ground of Nayband does not permit digging holes to build foundations or wells. Therefore, it can be seen in Nayband that some rooms such as entrance, the kitchens, bathrooms, stables, and vestibules have been built commonly between multiple houses.

Many of the alleys of Nayband Village are roofed and are locally called Sabat. Protecting people from burning sunlight of Khorasan, they provide spaces for their gathering and resting. The materials most used in these houses are raw cob, con bricks, and stone. Using dark local dirt, they look grey in color. Beams from palm trees and palm leaves have been used as rooftops. A characteristic of the architecture of Nayband Village is the use of triangle merlons, which filter the sands in the winds and enhance their flow between the buildings.

Three towers the three-hundred-year-old fortress of Nayband. The tall walls surrounding the village join the walls of the fortress to protect the area.

The water for the village and irrigation of the palm trees have been provided by the warm and cold water springs and Qanats. Zardgah Water Spring and Dig-e Rostam Warm Water Spring are some of the water sources. There is also a Sulfur Water Spring in ten kilometers to Nayband that has healing properties. Naybandan Wild Life Shelter, the grandest preservation area of Iran, spreads over land about one million and four hundred and twenty-two thousand hectares. There is a cave in this area called Cave of Hayenas, where herds of these animals live. Some of the other species of animals that inhabit this land are tiger, cheetah, sand cat, fox, Rupell’s fox, and Blandford’s fox, the rarest fox breed. Rams, ewes, wild goats, goats, Persian porcupines, and rabbits can be named, too. Some of the birds that can be found there are Pleske's ground jay, bustard, partridge, roller, see-see partridge,  crowned sandgrouse, black-bellied sandgrouse, Eurasian eagle-owl, falcon, kestrel, saker falcon, golden eagle, and hen harrier. Prunus scoparia, prunus eburnea, wild fig, haloxylon, milkvetch, and caraway are some of the species of plants that form the vegetation of these lands.

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