Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini
Every country has some tombs and mausoleums of famous persons, politicians, and revolutionists which considered a popular touristic attraction because they represent some parts of the history of that country. They are the influential persons who have played a crucial role in the history of their country and their tombs are important for visitors. The mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini is one of such touristic attraction in Iran.
Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini located in the southern part of Tehran and near the garden of martyrs in Behesht-e Zahra (the largest cemetery in Iran) and it is a huge space that some parts have been added to it through different years.
After Imam Khomeini passed away, there were many doubts about where he was buried; finally, his son, Haj Seyyed Ahmad Khomeini and some others suggested that he was buried near the garden of martyrs in Behesht-e Zahra.
From his death to his Chehelom (Chehelom is a Shia Muslim religious observance that occurs forty days after someone’s death), the shrine was built while the Zarih (or ḍarîḥ is an ornate, usually gilded, lattice structure, that encloses a grave in a mosque or Islamic shrine) was in the center and a roof was built and put there. A dome and four minarets were added to this complex thereafter. The minarets are ninety-one meter high.
After 1370 SH, some plans were considered to develop this mausoleum over time and it came into being as the passengers of the Tehran-Qom highway saw changes every week and every month. Two huge courtyards were built in the area and some other side sections were built such as the cultural section or the museum of Imam, Revolution, and Martyrs. Regarding the long distance between the mausoleum of Imam Khomeini and Tehran, a commercial center was built near this monument. The accommodation facilities were also built around the complex to make the pilgrims of the shrine more comfortable.
Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini has a main and another four turquoise domes which symbolize Panj-tan Aal-e Aba (Ahl al-Kisa', or the five persons of the Cloak, are the Islamic prophet, Muhammad; his daughter, Fatimah; his cousin and son-in-law Ali; and his two grandsons Hassan and Husayn).
Remarkably, all the numbers and symbols are selected as a representative of an Iranian Islamic symbol. For example, the domes are forty-two, fifty-seven, and sixty-eight meters high wich the first is the year of the beginning of the revolution, the second is the year that it won, and the last one is the year when Imam Khomeini passed away.