Kushk Mosque of FerdowsFerdows
Kushk Mosque is one of the oldest brick structures of southern Khorasan. While the roof collapsed after an earthquake in 1968, the renovation of the building made it revive to be the host of people who interested in history.
The old Kushk Mosque built on a rectangular foundation and inspired by the Islamic introverted style that is specified for the construction of the first centuries of the Islamic era. The building is so simple without any luxury decorations, the architectural elements of building are propylaea, courtyard, porches and stylobates around the courtyard. Kushk Mosque has a winter Shabestan (prayer hall) and two Mihrabs (prayer niche). The entrance is located in the northwestern side of the building and reaches to a porch with 7meters height.
At first glance, the glory of Kushk Mosque maybe does not seem, but the details of Khorasani style with oval arches and groins used as the cover of ceiling are really impressive. The main porch is lifted about 20 cm, as long as the height of a brick, all the margins are ornamental brick-worked and the porch ends in the courtyard and the other porches.
Kushk Mosque’s Mihrab is impressive and must be considered. A Mihrab with 65 cm depth, carved 40 cm into the floor.
Shabestan (prayer hall) is divided into two sections by the rows of columns. What must be considered in the prayer hall is the columns which are semicircular in the corners, the form is similar with the columns of Fahraj Mosque in Yazd belongs to the first half of the first Islamic century.
The materials are bricks, clay, and thatch in the main body of the building. In this very structure bricks used in squared and hexagonal forms in-ceiling and facing. Stucco is used in Mihrab porches, entrance porch is plated by sand.
Some potteries have been discovered in the northern side of mosque which belong to the 9th and 10th century, among them some potteries that are famous as Nishabour Pottery is detected.
In recent decades, restoration mission has been started by removing the rubbles of mosque, in order to lighten the roof. The restoration mission has been continued to restore some parts of mosque which belong to the Seljuk dynasty. At the end, this monument registered as a national heritage in 2005.