Cheshmeh Gol-e RamianRamian
On the way of Shahroud to Ramian, five kilometers to the south of Ramian and eighty-five kilometers to Gorgan, Cheshmeh Gol-e Ramian (Gol-e Ramian Water Spring) is located in the east of Golestan Province.
It is possible that the word Gol (flower) in the name of this spring, is the same as gol in Turkish which means water puddle or lake and has a relation with the homeland of Gryly tribe. In addition to Cheshmeh Gol, there are some other springs in Ramian such as Nilbarg, Golbarg, and Sayed Kalateh.
The lake or the spring of Gol-e Ramian is a natural pool that is in the List of National Heritages in Iran. This spring is an artesian, one with dolomite stones which is formed on a river - bed made of calcareous formation. The date of this river-bed backs to The Cambrian Period, near five hundred and forty million years ago.
Source of the water of this spring is the spring itself and it is irrigated with the invisible springs. When we look at Cheshmeh Gol from the top, it is like stretched curved form and it seems like a pan from one side. Probably, it is the Companionship of these forms which make the Cheshmeh Gol-e Ramian navy and blue.
Being located three hundred and twenty meters above the sea level, Cheshmeh Gol-e Ramian occupies seven hundred and fifty square meters and it is ninety-meter long, eighty-meter width and eighty-meter deep. It is one of the deepest cold springs in Iran.
Cheshmeh Gol-e Ramian is surrounded on three sides by forest and on one side, by farms and paddy fields. Gol flows through the Foothills of Aram Tepe, Kūh-e Qal‘eh Mūrān, and Khaksar Mountain range, and in the east of Gharah Chai spring. The additional water of the spring flows to Gharah Chai spring which is one of the branches of Gorganrud in Gorgan. Ramian spring, which comes from the peaks of Alborz, flows in the east of Cheshmeh Gol. Passing through the city of Ramian and Gorgan, it reaches to Gorganrud in Gorgan.
Cheshmeh Gol-e Ramian is the habitat of fishes like leuciscus orientalis, capoeta, caspian turtle, freshwater crab, natrix, and bluehead wrasse.
The vegetation of this land includes lemna (single and multi-root), yarrow, sedges, Water lily, watercress, Mentha aquatica, Knotweed, and broadleaf plantain. Also, there is one hundred and fifty hectares forest covered by Broad-leaved trees, oaks, hawthorn shrubs, and cupressus sempervirens.