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Anahita Temple

Anahita Temple

Anahita Temple

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Anahita temple, the second glorious stone building after Persepolis in Iran, has been constructed on a natural hill by using the platform method.

According to the ancient Iranians' belief, Anahita was water goddess, guardian angel of fountains and rain and also a symbol of fertility, love and friendship. Temple building has been divided into three Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid eras, and the other theories linked this building to an unfinished palace of Khosrow II in the late Sassanid era.

The plan of this building is foursquare, and each side is like a platform which, constructed in dry stone method (materials arranged over or beside of each other in the regular basis without the use of mortar) by use of rubble stone and plaster and the exterior facade decorated with carved stones.

The entrances of building are embedded in two-way stairways in the southern part and a one-way stairway is the access way to this place in the northeastern part. In general, the series of parallel columns form an area around the temple and the interior space of the temple that is also a great outdoor, enclosed by stone columns. The columns' height to diameter ratio is 3:1 and it is the unique characteristic of Anahita temple among all the temples in all around the world.

Stone ditches has adjusted the river water and directed it magnificently to the center pond of the temple, also, this type of water stream in the temple is one of the engineering wonders of that era.


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