For a long time, the word pottery has intertwined with the word Lalejin in Iran, the name of an ancient city in the province of Hamedan, neighbor to the county of Bahar. Today, after many efforts of the artists of this region, this city is known as the “Global city of pottery” or “the capital of pottery of the world”. The history of making utensils in this city goes back to more than seven thousand years ago and based on the historical documents, this city has been the center of making potteries in all over Middle East during different eras. For the people of Lalejin, pottery is more than a mere craft and profession to earn their income, on the contrary, it has grafted into their livings so much that first and furthermore it should be considered a lifestyle they have protected with all their power during history. One of the hardest historical periods for the Lalejin potters was when these lands were under the brutal attack of the Mogul who both killed many artists of Lalejin and left heavy damages. However, the potters worked very hard to revive the craft which they had learned from their elders.
Today a great number of population of Lalejin practice pottery in domestic workshops and make kinds of decorative and applicable tools and utensil traditionally. This craft has led to the prosperity of the tourism and economic growth of this city and province. Technically, Lalejin potters make potteries both with and without pottery wheel. The special characteristic of their products are supplying of the materials from local resources of Lalejin and surrounding lands, and making the clay, slurry and pigments traditionally. In addition, potteries of Hamedan include applicable utensils in different sizes and forms and are both unicolor and colorful. The dominant colors are ultramarine, brown, green and yellow famous for their bright shiny glaze. Another product of Lalejin potteries is decorative enamel objects that is also a major type of pottery. Enamel painting or over-glaze paintings are two techniques in which after the heating of the glaze, it is painted with colors and is fixed with second heating with lower temperature. Most of the kilns of this region are made of brick that is arranged traditionally. It should be mentioned that Lalejin is amongst the villages and cities that have been chosen as “global city of pottery” by the World Council of Handicrafts.