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Naqsh-e Shapur; Memorial of Sassanid


Naqsh-e Shapur; Memorial of Sassanid

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Many tourists travel to Fars in order to see the historical attractions of this province, in searching for history. Many of these attractions have a global reputation and was the main destination from many years ago, from Persepolis to Pasargadae and Bishapur.

But there also exist many other monuments in Fars that are less known. One of them is Naqsh-e Shapur in Darab city remained from Sassanid period.

Shapur relief is located along the road of Shapur-Hajiabad, on the hillside of Pahna mountain. This place in close to Darab and it is only 10 kilometers distance to Darab. That’s enough to exit Sepah boulevard to reach the road of Shapur-Hajiabad. This road is the same path that connects Shiraz to Bandar Abbas.

A part of this path is dirty and there are no special amenities like hotels or restaurants nearby. Public transport vehicles cannot be used on this path and you can reach Naqsh-e Shapur using your personal car or taxi.

Naqsh-e Shapur is just in front of you immediately after reaching the destination. Until some years ago, there was a lake with a water spring boiling from the ground here. Now the lake has been dried because of the low rainfall that makes easier the access to the desired petroglyph. Unfortunately, there is no special protection from this attraction.

The life of this relief backs to 262 AD. Shaper was then about 63 years old. Naqsh-e Shapur depicts the scene of confronting the triumphant king, which is the Sassanid king, to the failed army of Rome. The size of this inscription is nine meters and ten centimeters in five meters and forty centimeters.

In the carved picture of Naqsh-e Shapur, the face of Shapur I is seen in front view with a crown on his head similar to that of his father, Ardeshir I. He is horseback and others are on food. Eighteen companions are standing in the left side of the king and Roman Kaisers in the right side who failed the war and were captured.

Something similar to a book is seen in the right hand of Shapur. He put his left hand on Valerian’s head, the failed Roman emperor. Some sources believe that the Caesar who is under the hand of Sassanid Shapur is the Filip the Arab.

What is undoubtable is the presence of both of them, Valerian and Filip the Arab, in the scene of Naqsh-e Shapur and both along with the third Roman commander are requesting Shapur to forgive them. One of the other Roman commanders has been fallen under the foot of the horse; he is Gurdian the third. The captured Roman army is seen behind Caesar.

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