Jameh Mosque of Qazvin
The Jameh mosques were one of the principal elements of Iranian cities after the Islamic era. They have been built in almost every big or important city. As the capital of Safavid dynasty, Qazvin holds a great and majestic mosque. It is told that this structure was set to fire during the attack of Mongols, but did not suffer major damages.
According to the historical narrations, Jameh Mosque of Qazvin was built by the order of Harun al-Rashid in 192 AH. The yard of the mosque was restored in 413 AH by Salar Ebrahim Marzban, and later a person named Amir Zahed Tash-ebn-Abdollah Ebadi built the maqsurah, dome, sahn (yard), school, khanqah and well of the mosque.
Jameh Mosque of Qazvin is a four-iwan structure. It has in all four sides an entrance gate and a sahn. In front of each sahn an iwan was located. But the dome and the minarets are its impressive feature. The large dome is made from bricks and is located in southern side. The minarets are decorated with tiles and are tall enough to be seen from distant.
Jameh Mosque of Qazvin was at its most glorious status during the Safavid era, when much restorations had taken place and its space had expanded. Parts of the building was again restored in Qajar era, during the reign of Sa’d ol-Saltaneh. The repair of the iwans is related to Safavid era except for the eastern one that was repaired in years of Qajar dynasty.
In 1392 SH, by the engagements of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization of Iran, the western minaret in the western prayer hall turned into the Museum of Stone and Pottery, where many pieces of pottery, stone reliefs, tiles and stucco works were exhibited. There is another museum at the end of the corridor of eastern entrance where old door and windows are on display.
Another part of the Jameh Mosque of Qazvin complex is Ab Anbar or traditional water reservoir. It is amongst the biggest of its kind that exists in Qazvin. It was built by Ali Khan Nami, one of the generals of Suleiman of Persia’s army. The ab Anbar had two squinches on the portal of which the only one remains today. This reservoir has a simple structure and its wall is made of limestone. Its capacity is one thousand and eighty cubic meters and the pathway to it is composed of thirty-seven stone steps.