Iron Age Site-Museum of Tabriz was established in 1386 in an ancient area located in the north of Kabud Mosque of Tabriz. The word “Site” in the name of museum implies its location inside the area of archaeological excavations; this is a kind of museum where the discovered objects from the site are originally displayed and the name of the site-museum helps recognition of this kind of desert museum.
The region of Azerbaijan had been one of the ancient centers of human’s life and civilization and Tabriz, that is located in the heart of this region, has also an ancient civilization. The lack of documents had made difficult this claim to be proved until two decades ago when the ancient site around Kabud mosque revealed the antiquity of human life in this region of Iran. materials related to Iron Age in 1500 BC have been unearthed during the site’s excavations. In addition, layers of Urarto, Parthian, Achaemenid and even related to after the advent of Islam have been found in this area. These findings were valid documents that confirmed the antiquity of the settlement in this region. The historical texts mentioned to Tabriz as a prospered and famous city that reached its climax during the reign of Ghazan Khan, the ruler of Mongol empire. The Iron Age Site-Museum is located in the center of Tabriz where was the intersection of the Silk Road and Tabriz Bazar, in the past and is currently ended in Imam Khomeini street, to the south, and Shahid Modarres street, to the north. Discovered objects in this region indicate a human settlement that was probably spread to the south of Mehranrud. This museum includes a cemetery and Iron Age potteries that were discovered in 1376 SH by the team of archaeology. The number of graves in this cemetery is 38 in all of which the dead body was buried in fetal form. The grave of babies are simple and that of teenagers square-from. some toys have been found in the grave of children, jewelry in that of women and military equipment in the grave of men in addition to the pottery wares and the remains of foods that were observed close to the dead body; They indicate their belief in Mehr religion, according to the experts. Mehr or Mitra was the most highlighted Iranian goddess before the advent of Zarathustra. She was considered to be the mediate of humans and Ahura Mazda by Aryans.