Dal Pelan is one of the folk sport which is common among the villagers especially Iran’s nomads that is performed with high excitement in group. The skill and conversance in throwing stones are inseparable features from the life of villagers and nomads due to their life conditions in nature and need to defense, collecting and lead the flock. The individual abilities based on age, body strength and also skill in directing the target and throwing the stones have crucial role here. Dal Pelan is a throwing game with high excitement that is done individually, with two persons or more in a group in most of regions of Iran and today, it is held as an official sport in local match on an even ground with its specific rules.
This game which is particularly known as Dal Pelan is played in Nowruz holidays,13 Bedar and in wedding parties; it has been also known as Kalke bord, Kal bord and Pish Jang among the villagers and nomads of Lorestan, Khuzestan, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari and Kohgiluye & Boyer Ahmad.
However, we may hear it even with other names in different provinces such as throwing stone to the target (Neshane zani ba sang), Doghol in kerman and other names in other provinces of Iran among villagers. The name of Dal Pelan has been constituted from the part of Dal, meaning the target, and Pelan, meaning a stone which chosen by members and threw toward the target. The field of each team and the starter group of match is defined by the referee by lottery at the start of match. The players are divided into two equal groups and if the number of players be odd, they can be divided into two groups and the group with fewer players can throw the stone one turn more instead of player. This game is played by standing two groups in front of each other with an agreed distance from 10 to 20 meters between the two.
Then each group orders three flat stone (usually with the length of 25 cm, the width of 15cm and diameter of 7 cm) vertically behind each other with 1/5 m distance between them beside themselves and in front of the opponent group in a straight line on the ground. Each member of the starter group chooses a stone optionally, appropriate to his weight and physical ability, usually equal to two fists in spherical or oval shape, and throws it toward the stones of opposing team. Each player has one throw and if the Dal’s of opposing team fall on the ground, he can throw one more stone to Dal as bonus. When the players in a group throw all their stones and are successful, it means all the opposing team Dals fall on the ground and their Dals do not fall on the ground, that group wins a level and achieves to 3 points. The winner group will stay in their field and the game will continue; the scores calculate based on the defined roles if 1 or 2 Dals of winner group fall on the ground and the groups place changes. The game continues in this way and each group throws the stones to the Dals; finally, the game will finish when they reach the limitation and conditions defined for the game from past.