Azerbaijani dances in different styles and ways have long existed in the life and culture of the Azerbaijani people. This dance performs in epic or religious aspects, with themes such as struggles and war preparations, pre-hunting ceremonies, agriculture, victory celebrations, thanksgiving to the gods or to break spells, etc. in Azerbaijan of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. Each dance has its meaning and is performed in a special ceremony. In these dances, movement and skill are compatible, and the movements are varied in form and manner of performance. The movements are performed individually or in groups, either male or female. The dancers are divided into numerous and multi groups and wear the special cloths of the regions of Azerbaijan, then each of them performs a special part of their dance with wide chests, a distant look and with pride. Movements are sometimes slow, sometimes fast, stepping, with jumps and reach their peak with the rhythm of accelerators. Exercise and agility are essential for the work of dancers.
According to the multiplicity and variety of Azerbaijani dances (according to the name of the place or the famous person), the linguistic concept and the way of performance are classified as lyrical, heroic, war, and ceremonial dance.
According to the variety of Azerbaijani dances (according to the name of the place or the famous person), the linguistic concept and the way of performance are classified as lyrical, heroic, war, and ceremonial dance.
Briefly about the most famous Azerbaijani dances:
"Kuroglu dance" is one of the rhythmic movements with an ancient Azeri background that is performed with Sorena and Dahl in different types. This tough, epic, and the martial dance starts slowly and gradually gets a fast rhythm.
"Misri" is often performed by lovers with hard and heavy movements and often with a sword.
The old and traditional "Yali dance" is another one, the initial form of which was performed as a traditional ceremony around the fire. This dance is performed in different types with the accompaniment of Sorna and Dohol musicians. They dance in a long group line, hand in hand with a handkerchief or a stick in the leader's hand. It starts slowly and ends with quick steps.
"Lezgi" is an epic, dignified, lively, and rhythmic dance that is performed by men in a group with solo performances with fast foot movements. This dance is an allegory of riders riding with a dagger in their hand or with their fists clenched.
"Toraji" with sad and pleasant music is reminiscent of Duraj's flight in the sky, and "Jirani" has its name from Jeyran (Deer) due to its elegance and melody. "Kazakh" with passionate and complex movements is a popular dance of men. In Azerbaijan, there are dances such as "Shalakho" for men, and some such as "Iberi Bach", "Anabi" and "Mirvari" for women, as well as dances for the elderly.